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Amici Briefs Filed in Windsor and Perry Marriage Cases

This year, dozens of organizations, institutions, and individuals have filed 'friend of the court' briefs in two landmark marriage cases asserting why marriage matters and urging the U.S. Supreme Court to overturn marriage discrimination. Dozens of briefs have been filed in each case: Hollingsworth v. Perry, which challenges the anti-gay Proposition 8, the 2008 ballot measure that stripped same-sex couples in California of the freedom to marry, and Windsor v. United States, which challenges DOMA, the 1996 law that federally prohibits respect for legal marriages between same-sex couples. Below are links to every brief that has been filed in Perry and Windsor.

Windsor v. United States

  • American Bar Association (PDF)
  • American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations, Change To Win, the National Educators Association (PDF)
  • American Humanist Association and American Atheists, American Ethical Union, The Center for Inquiry, Military Association of Atheists and Freethinkers, Secular Coalition for America, Secular Student Alliance, and the Society for Humanistic Judaism (PDF)
  • American Jewish Committee (PDF)
  • American Sociological Association (PDF)
  • Anti-Defamation League, Americans United for Separation of Church and State, Bend the Arc—A Jewish Partnership for Justice, The Central Conference of American Rabbis and Women of Reform Judaism, Congregation Beit Simchat Torah, Hadassah—The Women’s Zionist Organization of America, Inc., The Hindu American Foundation, The Interfaith Alliance Foundation, The Japanese American Citizens League, Jewish Social Policy Action Network, Keshet, Lutherans Concerned/North America, Metropolitan Community Church, The National Council of Jewish Women, Nehirim, People for the American Way Foundation, The Religious Coalition for Reproductive Choice. (PDF)
  • Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington (PDF)
  • Constitutional Law and Civil Procedure Professors Erwin Chemerinsky and Arthur Miller (PDF)
  • Constitutional Law Scholars: Bruce Ackerman, Ash Bhagwat, Lee Bollinger, Erwin Chemerinsky, Michael C. Dorf, Lee Epstein, Barry Friedman, John C. Jeffries, Jr., Lawrence Lessig, William Marshall, Frank Michelman, Jane S. Schacter, Suzanna Sherry, Geoffrey R. Stone, David Strauss, Laurence Tribe, and William Van Alstyne (PDF)
  • Empire State Pride Agenda, Equality California, Equal Rights Washington, One Iowa, Equality Maryland, Vermont Freedom to Marry, Massequality, New Hampshire Freedom to Marry Coalition, and Equality Maine (PDF)
  • 278 Employers And Organizations Representing Employers (PDF)
  • Family Law and Child Welfare Professors: Susan Appleton, Carlos Ball, Elizabeth Batholet, brian Bix, Cynthia Bowman, Penelope Bryan, Naomi Cahn, Marion Crain, Peggy Davis, Nancy Down, Linda Elrod, Marth Ertman, Martha Fineman, Deborah Forman, Joanna Grossman, Joan Hollinger, Lisa Ikemoto, Melanie Jacobs, Courtney Joslin, Herma Kay, Laura Kessler, Suzanne Kim, Charles Kindregan, Kristine Knaplund, Holning Lau, Maya Manian, Nancy Maxwell, Linda McClain, Anthony Miller, Melissa Murray, Douglas Nejaime, Dorthoy Roberts, Kermit Roosevelt, Laura Rosenbury, Shelley Saxer, Julie Shapiro, Katharine Silbaugh, Edward Stein, Michael Walk, Rhonda Wasserman, Deborah Widiss, Barbara Woodhouse (PDF)
  • Family Equality Council; Colage; Our Family Coalition; Gay, Lesbian, and Straight Education Network; The Center On Children And Families; The Child Rights Project; and Sarah Gogin (PDF)
  • Family Professors and the American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers: Judith Areen, Katharine Baker, Katharine Bartlett, Grace Blumberg, Kathryn Bradley, June Carbone, Barbara Cox, John Culhane, Karen Czapanskiy, Anne Dailey, Jennifer Drobac, Maxine Eichner, Ann Estin, Ira Ellman, Zanita Fenton, Leslie Harris, Carol Sanger, Jana Singer, Mark Strasser, and Jennifer Wriggins (PDF)
  • Federalism Scholars: Jonathan Adler, Lynn Baker, Randy Barnett, Dale Carpenter, Ilya Somin, Ernest Young (PDF)
  • Former Cabinet Officials: Dr. Donna Shalala, Dr. Louis Sullivan, Togo West, Jr. Kenneth Apfel, Sheldon Cohen, Rudy Deleon, Jamie Gorelick, Micahel Graetz, Dr. John Hamre, Bebjamin Heineman Jr., Kathryn Higgins, Constance Berry Newman, and Harriet Rabb (PDF)
  • Former CIA Intelligence Officer: Graham M. Segroves (PDF)
  • Former Senior Justice Department Officials and Former Counsels to the President in Support of Jurisdiction (PDF)
  • Former Federal Election Commission Officials: Craig Engle, Kenneth Gross, Robert Lenhard, Lawrence Noble, Trevor Potter, Scott Thomas (PDF)
  • Former Senators: Bill Bradley, Tom Daschle, Christopher Dodd, Alan Simpson (PDF)
  • Former U.S. Military Officials (PDF)
  • Gary Gates, Williams Institute demographer (PDF)
  • Gay and Lesbian Medical Association (PDF)
  • GLAD and Lambda Legal Defense & Education Fund (PDF)
  • Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights, Bar Associations and Public Interest and Legal Service Organizations (PDF)
  • Los Angeles County Bar Association and Armed Forces Committee of the Los Angeles County Bar Association (PDF)
  • 212 Members of Congress (PDF)
  • NAACP Legal Defense and Education Fund (PDF)
  • National Women’s Law Center, Williams Institute Scholars Of Sexual Orientation And Gender Law, and Women’s Legal Groups (PDF)
  • American Historians and American Studies Association: Peter Bardaglio, Norma Basch, George Chauncey, Stephanie Coontz, Nancy Cott, Toby Ditz, Ariela Dunler, Laura Edwards, Estelle Freedman, Sarah Barringger Gordon, Michael Grossberg, Hendrik Hartog, Ellen Herman, Martha Hides, Linda Kerber, Alice Kessler-Harris, Elaine Tyler May, Steven Mintz, Elizabeth Pleck, Carole Shammas, Mary Shanley, Amy Dru Stanley, Barbara Young Welke (PDF)
  • Outserve-SLDN (PDF)
  • Partnership for NYC (PDF)
  • Political Science Professors: Political Science Professors (PDF)
  • Professors Legal Scholars with Expertise in Equal Protection Jurisprudence: Nan Hunter, Suzanne Goldberg, Kathryn Abrams, Katherine Franke, Burt Neuborne and Angela Harris (PDF)
  • Red State LGBT Coalition Groups (PDF)
  • Religious and Faith Groups: 25 Bishops of The Episcopal Church; The Jewish Theological Seminary; Manhattan Conference of the Metropolitan New York Synod of the Evangelical Lutheran Church; Rabbinical Assembly; Reconstructionist Rabbinical College; Rabbi Akiva Herzfeld of Shaarey Tphiloh; Unitarian Universalist Association; United Church of Christ; United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism (“USCJ”); Affirmation; Covenant Network of Presbyterians; Friends for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer Concerns (“FLGBTQC”); Methodist Federation for Social Action; More Light Presbyterians; Presbyterian Welcome; Reconciling Ministries Network; Reconciling Works: Lutherans For Full Participation; Religious Institute, Inc. (PDF)
  • The Honorable John K. Olson (Sitting Bankruptcy Judge in FL) (PDF)
  • Services and Advocacy for Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender Elders (SAGE), The National Senior Citizens Law Center, the American Society of Aging, the National Hispanic Council on Again, the Southeast Asia Resource Action Center, and the National Organization of Social Security Claimants' Representatives (PDF)
  • Sexual orientation change efforts (SOCE) Survivors and Stories (PDF)
  • States of New York, Massachusetts, California, Conneticut, Delaware, Illinois, Iowa, Maine, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Mexico, Oregon, Rhode Island, Vermont, Washington, and the Distict of Columbia (PDF)
  • The American Psychological Association, The American Medical Association, The American Academy Of Pediatrics, The California Medical Association, The American Psychiatric Association, The American Psychoanalytic Association, The American Association For Marriage and Family Therapy, The National Association Of Social Workers and Its California Chapter, and The California Psychological Association (PDF)
  • The Cato Institute and Constitutional Accountability Center (PDF)
  • The Institute for Justice (PDF)
  • Scholars of the Constitutional Rights of Children (University of Denver) (PDF)

Hollingworth v. Perry

  • Adoption and Child Welfare Advocates: Evan Donaldson Adoption Institute, Families Like Ours, North American Council on Adoptable Children, Sue and Hector Badeau, Penelope Maza Ph.D., Brian Bryce (PDF)
  • American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers and the Association of Certified Family Law Specialists (PDF)
  • American Anthropological Association, American Academy of Pediatrics, California, and Robert M. Galatzer-Levy, M.D. (PDF)
  • 100 Employers and Companies (PDF)
  • American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations and Change To Win (PDF)
  • American Jewish Committee (PDF)
  • American Sociological Association (PDF)
  • Anti-Defamation League, Americans United for Separation of Church and State, Bend the Arc—A Jewish Partnership for Justice, The Central Conference of American Rabbis and Women of Reform Judaism, Congregation Beit Simchat Torah, Hadassah—The Women’s Zionist Organization of America, Inc., The Hindu American Foundation, The Interfaith Alliance Foundation, The Japanese American Citizens League, Jewish Social Policy Action Network, Keshet, Lutherans Concerned/North America, Metropolitan Community Church, The National Council of Jewish Women, Nehirim, People for the American Way Foundation, The Religious Coalition for Reproductive Choice. (PDF)
  • Bay Area Lawyers for Individual Freedom (and numerous other Bar Associations, Legal Groups and municipalities) (PDF)
  • Beverly Hills Bar Association, Los Angeles County Bar Association, San Francisco Trial Lawyers Association, Women Lawyers of Sacramento, and Monterey County Women Lawyers Association (PDF)
  • California Assembly Speaker John A. Perez and Law Professors: Michele Adams, Ellen Aprill, Rachel Godsil, Robin Lenhardt, Lauriw Levenson, Justin Levitt, Karl Manheim, Bertrall Ross, Carolyn Shapiro, David Skover, Georgene Vairo, Susan Bakhshian, Mary Culbert, Judy Fonda, Kathleen Kim, Eric Miller, John Nockleby, Priscilla Ocen, Maureen Pacheco, Paula Pearlman, Marcy Strauss, and Katherine Trisolini (PDF)
  • California Council of Churches; California Faith for Equality; Unitarian Universalist Legislative Ministry California; Northern California Nevada Conference, United Church of Christ; Southern California Nevada Conference, United Church of Christ; Pacific Association of Reform Rabbis; California Network of Metropolitan Community Churches (PDF)
  • California Professors of Family Law: Scott Altman, R. Richard Banks, Grace Ganz Blumberg, Janet Bowermaster, Patricia Cain, Helen Chang, Jan Costello, Barbara Cox, H. Jay Folberg, Deborah Forman, Joan Heifetz Hollinger, Lisa Ikemoto, Courtney Joslin, Herma Hill Kay, Lawrence Levine, Anthony Miller, Melissa Murray, Douglas NeJaime, Patti Paniccia, Shelley Saxer, Nomi Stolzenberg, Michael Wald, D. Kelly Weisberg, Lois Weithorn, and Michael Zamperini (PDF)
  • California Teachers Association and the National Education Association (PDF)
  • Chris Kluwe and Brendon Ayanbadejo (PDF)
  • Columbia Law School Sexuality & Gender Law Clinic and the Society of American Law Teachers (PDF)
  • Constitutional Law and Civil Procedure Professors Erwin Chemerinsky and Arthur Miller (PDF)
  • Constitutional Law Scholars: Bruce Ackerman, Ash Bhagwat, Lee Bollinger, Erwin Chemerinsky, Michael C. Dorf, Lee Epstein, Barry Friedman, John C. Jeffries, Jr., Lawrence Lessig, William Marshall, Frank Michelman, Jane S. Schacter, Suzanna Sherry, Geoffrey R. Stone, David Strauss, Laurence Tribe, and William Van Alstyne (PDF)
  • Dr. Maria Nieto (PDF)
  • Professors of Family Law and Constitutional Law: Edward Stein, Kerry Abrams, Joanna Grossman, Holning Lau, Katharine Silbaugh, Sarah Abramowicz, Jamie Abrams, Carlos Ball, Katharine Bartlett, Michael Boucai, Cynthia Grant Bowman, Paul Brest, Mary Pat Byrn, Norman Doresen, Nancy Dowd, Maxine Eichner, Kim Forde-Mazrui, Doni Gewirtzman, Risa Goluboff, Paul Gowder, Meredith Johnson Harbach, Kari Hong, Suzanne Kim, Nina Kohn, Kevin Noble Maillard, Linda McClain, Julie Nice, Angela Onwuachi-Willig, Rachel Rebouche, Clifford Rosky, David Rudenstine, Elzabeth Scott, Julie Shapiro, Andrew Siegel, Bela August Walker, Deborah Widiss, Marcia Zug (PDF)
  • Equality California (PDF)
  • Family Equality Council; Colage; Our Family Coalition; Gay, Lesbian, and Straight Education Network; The Center On Children And Families; The Child Rights Project; and Sarah Gogin (PDF)
  • Foreign and Comparative Law Experts Harold Hongju Koh, Sarah H. Cleveland, Laurence R. Helfer, and Ryan Goodman (PDF)
  • Gary Gates, Williams Institute demographer (PDF)
  • Gay and Lesbian Medical Association (PDF)
  • Hon. Judith S. Kaye (Ret.), Profs. Stephen Gillers, Charles G. Geyh, James J. Alfini, and Mark I. Harrison (PDF)
  • Howard University School of Law Civil Rights Clinic (PDF)
  • International Human Rights Advocates: International Center for Advocates Against Discrimination (US), National Council for Civil Liberties (UK), Canadian Civil Liberties Association, Legal Resources Center (So. Africa) Center for Leagal and Social Studies (Argentina) (PDF)
  •  Kenneth B. Mehlman, et al. 131 GOPers (PDF)
  • Lambda Legal Defense and Education Fund, Inc. and Gay & Lesbian Advocates & Defenders (PDF)
  • Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights, Bar Associations and Public Interest and Legal Service Organizations (PDF)
  • Marriage Equality USA (PDF)
  • Massachusetts, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Illinois, Iowa, Maine, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Mexico, New York, Oregon, Vermont and Washington (PDF)
  • National Center for Lesbian Rights (PDF)
  • National Women’s Law Center, Williams Institute Scholars Of Sexual Orientation And Gender Law, and Women’s Legal Groups (PDF)
  • American Historians and American Studies Association: Peter Bardaglio, Norma Basch, George Chauncey, Stephanie Coontz, Nancy Cott, Toby Ditz, Ariela Dunler, Laura Edwards, Estelle Freedman, Sarah Barringger Gordon, Michael Grossberg, Hendrik Hartog, Ellen Herman, Martha Hides, Linda Kerber, Alice Kessler-Harris, Elaine Tyler May, Steven Mintz, Elizabeth Pleck, Carole Shammas, Mary Shanley, Amy Dru Stanley, Barbara Young Welke (PDF)
  • Political Science Professors: Political Science Professors (PDF)
  • Red State LGBT Coalition Groups (PDF)
  • Religious and Faith Groups: 25 Bishops of The Episcopal Church; The Jewish Theological Seminary; Manhattan Conference of the Metropolitan New York Synod of the Evangelical Lutheran Church; Rabbinical Assembly; Reconstructionist Rabbinical College; Rabbi Akiva Herzfeld of Shaarey Tphiloh; Unitarian Universalist Association; United Church of Christ; United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism (“USCJ”); Affirmation; Covenant Network of Presbyterians; Friends for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer Concerns (“FLGBTQC”); Methodist Federation for Social Action; More Light Presbyterians; Presbyterian Welcome; Reconciling Ministries Network; Reconciling Works: Lutherans For Full Participation; Religious Institute, Inc. (PDF)
  • Southern Poverty Law Center (PDF)
  • State of California (PDF)
  • Survivors of Sexual Orientation Change Therapies (PDF)
  • The American Psychological Association, The American Medical Association, The American Academy Of Pediatrics, The California Medical Association, The American Psychiatric Association, The American Psychoanalytic Association, The American Association For Marriage and Family Therapy, The National Association Of Social Workers and Its California Chapter, and The California Psychological Association (PDF)
  • The Cato Institute and Constitutional Accountability Center (PDF)
  • United States (PDF)
  • Walter Dellinger (PDF)
  • William N. Eskridge Jr., Rebecca L. Brown, Daniel A. Farber, and Andrew Koppelman (PDF)